Pearl Harbor Facts and Information

Many Americans believe that the attack on Pearl Harbor came out of the blue, but in reality tensions had steadily been building between the two countries since the 1920s. The United States was concerned over Japan’s attempt to expand its borders in order to have access to a wider range of natural resources. In an attempt to gain access to more goods, Japan had begun a military campaign into China and Manchuria in 1931. As a result of this the United States of America had started enforcing trade sanctions against Japan. The two countries began a series of tense negotiations over policies and other issues that lasted for nearly a decade.

As Japan expanded its plan to gain more natural resources by conquering other countries, it remained in negotiations with the United States in an attempt to end the embargo that the United States had placed against them. The United States government realized that there may be a conflict or a war between the country and Japan and had begun to build up its military presence in the Pacific Ocean. After failure to come to an agreement by November 26, 1941, Japan’s emperor made the decision to move aggressively against the United States. The attack also served as a way to protect itself as Japan began a new military campaign in southern Asia.

The attack on Pearl Harbor was designed to destroy the military force in the Pacific. Japan launched nearly four hundred aircraft from six different carriers as well as using midget submarines to launch torpedoes at the battleships in Pearl Harbor. The Japanese pilots were effective in wiping out the airfields and destroying or damaging over 300 planes, making it difficult for the United States to retaliate and drive off the force. The attack stayed primarily on the military bases, and did not directly endanger the major cities on Oahu. Japan managed to damage eight battleships and ten other ships in the harbor. The United States loss 2403 lives, most of which occurred when the U.S.S. Arizona exploded and sank. Japan lost more than sixty lives in the attacks.

The response to the attack was immediate, and it is what pushed the United States into World War II. The United States set up internment camps for Japanese Americans and forced them to stay there throughout the remainder of the war. The battle in the Pacific Ocean lasted longer than the war in Europe, and the end result was the dropping of the atom bomb on Japan. People still remember the attack on Pearl Harbor in the United States each year.

General Pearl Harbor Facts

Japan and the Attack on Pearl Harbor 

Facts About the Battleships

Facts About the Airfields at Pearl Harbor

Aftermath of Attack of Pearl Harbor